Self-reported sleep patterns in a British population cohort.

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Leng, Yue 
Wainwright, Nick WJ 
Cappuccio, Francesco P 
Surtees, Paul G 

OBJECTIVES: Sleep patterns have been linked to various health outcomes, but sleep patterns in the British population have not been extensively reported. We aimed to describe the sleep characteristics reported by the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk participants, with a particular emphasis on the comparison of measures of sleep quantity. METHODS: From 2006 to 2007, a total of 8480 participants aged 45-90 years reported sleep timing, nighttime sleep duration, and sleep difficulties. Time in bed (TIB) was calculated from the difference between rise time and bedtime, and sleep proportion was defined as the ratio of sleep duration and TIB. RESULTS: On average, the reported TIB was more than 1.5h longer than sleep durations. Compared to men, women spent 15 min longer in bed, but they slept for 11 min less and reported more sleep difficulties. In multivariate analysis sleep duration and TIB varied with socioeconomic factors, but sleep proportion was consistently lower among women, nonworkers, and older individuals, as well as those who were widowed, separated, or divorced; those who reported sleep difficulties and more frequently used sleep medication; and those who had lower education, poorer general health, or a major depressive disorder (MDD). CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported sleep duration and TIB have different meanings and implications for health. Sleep proportion may be a useful indicator of sleep patterns in the general population.

England, Epidemiology, Population, Sleep patterns, Sleep quantity, Sleep research, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Marital Status, Middle Aged, Self Report, Sex Factors, Sleep, Sleep Wake Disorders, Socioeconomic Factors, Time Factors, United Kingdom
Journal Title
Sleep Med
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Elsevier BV
Medical Research Council (G1000143)
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12015/1)
Medical Research Council (G0401527)
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) (NF-SI-0512-10114)
Department of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (NF-SI-0512-10135)
Medical Research Council (G0500300)
Medical Research Council (G0800603)
Medical Research Council (MC_U106179471)
Cancer Research Uk (None)
Cancer Research Uk (None)
This work was supported by programme grants from the Medical Research Council UK (G9502233, G0300128) and Cancer Research UK (C865/A2883). FPC leads the Sleep Health & Society Programme at the University of Warwick supported, in part, by the University of Warwick RDF and IAS. It has received funding by the NHS National Workforce Projects and the Economic & Social Research Council (ES/K002910/1).