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The Addenbrookes Link Road, Clay Farm, Trumpington, Cambridge. The 2007 Investigations: Site 3.


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Authors

Timberlake, Simon 

Abstract

Between April and August 2007 an area of 2.9 hectares within the corridor of the proposed link road from the M11 to Addenbrooke's Hospital was excavated (Site 3 Areas A and B). Archaeological features were largely confined to the north-western part of the site.Pre-Middle Bronze Age activity was minor, confined to a Neolithic and single cluster of Early Bronze Age pits. Middle Bronze Age occupation was characterised by a NW-SE aligned rectilinear field system from which came the remains of a Deveril-Rimbury urn and the establishment and re-cutting of a large enclosure ditch.Within the same area were a number of Middle Bronze Age burnt stone spreads including a pair of cooking pits.Late Iron Age activity was confined to a poorly developed field system and the edge of a north-south ditched trackway which seems to follow the edge of the terrace northwards along the side of the valley. Small-scale quarrying begins on the eastern side of the site towards the end of the Late Iron Age, as does the first establishment of a cultivation enclosure during the immediately pre-Conquest Period. By c.50-60 AD the cultivation of asparagus is taking place within the far north-west corner of the site, perhaps indicating the presence of an as yet unknown villa/farmstead.Quarrying continues through into this Conquest-Early Roman period whilst the ditched enclosures of much larger paddocks can be traced eastwards across the valley floor.By 80-100AD the Site 3 area seems to have been largely abandoned. Gravel and marl quarrying continued in the Post-medieval period along with the cutting of field ditches and land drains in the 19th century.

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Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge

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