Radial velocity confirmation of K2-100b: A young, highly irradiated, and low-density transiting hot Neptune

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Barragán, O 
Aigrain, S 
Kubyshkina, D 
Gandolfi, D 
Livingston, J 

We present a detailed analysis of HARPS-N radial velocity observations of K2-100, a young and active star in the Praesepe cluster, which hosts a transiting planet with a period of 1.7 days. We model the activity-induced radial velocity variations of the host star with a multi-dimensional Gaussian Process framework and detect a planetary signal of 10.6±3.0ms−1, which matches the transit ephemeris, and translates to a planet mass of 21.8±6.2M. We perform a suite of validation tests to confirm that our detected signal is genuine. This is the first mass measurement for a transiting planet in a young open cluster. The relatively low density of the planet, 2.04−0.61+0.66gcm−3, implies that K2-100b retains a significant volatile envelope. We estimate that the planet is losing its atmosphere at a rate of 1011−1012gs−1 due to the high level of radiation it receives from its host star.

planets and satellites: individual: K2-100b, techniques: photometric, techniques: radial velocities
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Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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Oxford University Press (OUP)
Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) (unknown)
O.B. and S.Ai. acknowledge support from the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) under grants ST/S000488/1 and ST/R004846/1. J.K., S.G. and A.P.H acknowledges support by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) grants PA525/18-1 and PA525/19-1 and HPA 3279/12-1 within the DFG Schwerpunkt SPP 1992, Exploring the Diversity of Extra-solar Planets. L.M. acknowledges support from PLATO ASI-INAF agreement n.2015-019-R.1-2018. S.Al. acknowledges the support from the Danish Council for Independent Research through the DFF Sapere Aude Starting Grant No. 4181-00487B, and the Stellar Astrophysics Centre which funding is provided by The Danish National Research Foundation (Grant agreement no.: DNRF106). This work is partly supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP18H01265, JP18H05439, 15H02063, and 18H05442 and JST PRESTO Grant Number JPMJPR1775. M.C.V.F. and C.M.P. gratefully acknowledge the support of the Swedish National Space Agency (DNR 174/18).