Repository logo

Large eddy simulation of multi-regime combustion with a two-progress variable approach for carbon monoxide

Accepted version



Change log



Simulations of two cases in a novel multi-regime burner configuration are undertaken using a presumed joint probability density function (PDF) approach with tabulated chemistry. The flame conditions are varied by changing the central jet equivalence ratio, which produces different multi-regime combustion modes in the non-premixed inner flame. An outer premixed flame and recirculation zone behind a bluff body are present to supply heat and combustion products to stabilise the inner flame. A two-progress variable approach is tested to improve predic- tions of carbon monoxide (CO) in the post-flame regions, where CO oxidation occurs. The large eddy simulation set-up and sub-grid combustion model are assessed through comparisons with time-averaged measurements for radial profiles at different streamwise locations. The jet break-up length, the shear layers and the mixture fraction distribution are well captured. The temperature distribution is well captured for the inner flame in each case but the temperature and mixture fraction are over predicted in the downstream regions of the outer premixed flame, which is due to increased dilatation that suppresses air entrainment. Improved predictions of the CO mass fraction are obtained for the outer premixed flames with the two-progress variable approach. Over predictions are seen in the upstream regions of the inner flame when the CO mass fraction is obtained from a look-up table, suggesting that the CO mass fraction should be transported to include the convection/diffusion balance in regions where there is no flame. Furthermore, transporting the CO mass fraction with a one-progress variable approach produces over predictions in the burnt regions, suggesting a two-progress variable model is needed to capture the consumption region of CO. The multi-regime combustion behaviour is observed to be stronger in flame MRB26b, where non- premixed and rich premixed combustion is present. For flame MRB18b, the non-premixed contribution is smaller and weak stratified combustion is observed.



Carbon monoxide, Inhomogeneous mixtures, Large eddy simulation, Multi-regime combustion, Partially premixed flames

Journal Title

Proceedings of the Combustion Institute

Conference Name

Journal ISSN


Volume Title


Elsevier BV
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/R029369/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/S025650/1)
EPSRC (EP/S025650/1) UKCTRF (EP/R029369/1) Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Takasago, Japan