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Natural history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in cats from rehoming centers: The CatScan II study

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Peer-reviewed

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Article

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Authors

Sena-Seixas-Novo-de-Matos, Jose  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8128-8111

Abstract

Background: The natural history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in cats has been mainly studied in cats referred for suspected heart disease, which can skew the results towards cats with clinical signs. Few data are available on factors associated with development of HCM in cats. Hypotheses: (1) clinical variables can predict which cats will develop HCM; (2) HCM in cats not referred for suspected heart disease is associated with a low rate of cardiovascular events. Animals: One-hundred and seven cats from rehoming centers without a history of clinical signs of cardiac or systemic disease at the time of adoption Methods: prospective longitudinal study. After rehoming, shelter cats were re-examined for serial echocardiograms. Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors of development of HCM in cats that were normal at baseline. Adverse cardiovascular events including heart failure, thromboembolism, or sudden death were recorded. Results: cats were monitored for a median of 5.6 [1.2-9.2] years. At baseline, 68/107 cats were normal, 18/107 were equivocal and 21/107 had HCM. Nineteen cats developed HCM during the study period. The factors at baseline associated with increased hazard of developing HCM were lower left atrial fractional shortening, higher left ventricular fractional shortening, and higher body weight. Cardiovascular events were observed in 21% of cats with HCM. Conclusions and clinical importance: cardiovascular events were common in cats with HCM from a rehoming center cohort. Lower left atrial systolic function appears to precede overt HCM.

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Journal Title

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

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Journal ISSN

0891-6640

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Publisher

Wiley Open Access
Sponsorship
Petplan Charitable Trust, Everts Luff Feline Endowment and IDEXX Laboratories