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NGDEEP Epoch 1: Spatially Resolved Hα Observations of Disk and Bulge Growth in Star-forming Galaxies at z ∼ 0.6-2.2 from JWST NIRISS Slitless Spectroscopy

Published version
Peer-reviewed

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Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pWe study the Hjats:italicα</jats:italic> equivalent width (EW(Hjats:italicα</jats:italic>)) maps of 19 galaxies at 0.6 < jats:italicz</jats:italic> < 2.2 in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field using NIRISS slitless spectroscopy as part of the Next Generation Deep Extragalactic Exploratory Public Survey. Our galaxies mostly lie on the star formation main sequence with stellar masses between 10jats:sup9</jats:sup> and 10jats:sup11</jats:sup> jats:italicM</jats:italic> jats:sub⊙</jats:sub>, characterized as “typical” star-forming galaxies at these redshifts. Leveraging deep Hubble Space Telescope and JWST images, spanning 0.4–4.8 jats:italicμ</jats:italic>m, we perform spatially resolved fitting of the spectral energy distributions for these galaxies and construct specific star formation rate (sSFR) and stellar-mass-weighted age maps with a spatial resolution of ∼1 kpc. The pixel-to-pixel EW(Hjats:italicα</jats:italic>) increases with increasing sSFR and with decreasing age. The average trends are slightly different from the relations derived from integrated fluxes of galaxies from the literature, suggesting complex evolutionary trends within galaxies. We quantify the radial profiles of EW(Hjats:italicα</jats:italic>), sSFR, and age. The majority (84%) of galaxies show positive EW(Hjats:italicα</jats:italic>) gradients, in line with the inside-out quenching scenario. A few galaxies (16%) show inverse (and flat) EW(Hjats:italicα</jats:italic>) gradients, possibly due to merging or starbursts. We compare the distributions of EW(Hjats:italicα</jats:italic>) and sSFR to star formation history (SFH) models as a function of galactocentric radius. We argue that the central regions of galaxies have experienced at least one rapid star formation episode, which leads to the formation of the bulge, while their outer regions (e.g., disks) grow via more smoothly varying SFHs. These results demonstrate the ability to study resolved star formation in distant galaxies with JWST NIRISS.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

5101 Astronomical Sciences, 51 Physical Sciences

Journal Title

Astrophysical Journal Letters

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2041-8205
2041-8213

Volume Title

963

Publisher

American Astronomical Society