Detecting separate time scales in genetic expression data
Orlando, David A
Brady, Siobhan M
Fink, Thomas MA
Benfey, Philip N
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Orlando, D. A., Brady, S. M., Fink, T. M., Benfey, P. N., & Ahnert, S. (2010). Detecting separate time scales in genetic expression data. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-11-381
Abstract Background Biological processes occur on a vast range of time scales, and many of them occur concurrently. As a result, system-wide measurements of gene expression have the potential to capture many of these processes simultaneously. The challenge however, is to separate these processes and time scales in the data. In many cases the number of processes and their time scales is unknown. This issue is particularly relevant to developmental biologists, who are interested in processes such as growth, segmentation and differentiation, which can all take place simultaneously, but on different time scales. Results We introduce a flexible and statistically rigorous method for detecting different time scales in time-series gene expression data, by identifying expression patterns that are temporally shifted between replicate datasets. We apply our approach to a Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell-cycle dataset and an Arabidopsis thaliana root developmental dataset. In both datasets our method successfully detects processes operating on several different time scales. Furthermore we show that many of these time scales can be associated with particular biological functions. Conclusions The spatiotemporal modules identified by our method suggest the presence of multiple biological processes, acting at distinct time scales in both the Arabidopsis root and yeast. Using similar large-scale expression datasets, the identification of biological processes acting at multiple time scales in many organisms is now possible.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-11-381
This record's URL: http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/237819
Rights Holder: Orlando et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.