The front-end of eco-innovation for eco-innovative small and medium sized companies
Bocken, N. M. P.
Journal of Engineering and Technology Management
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Bocken, N. M. P., Farracho, M., Bosworth, R., & Kemp, R. (2014). The front-end of eco-innovation for eco-innovative small and medium sized companies. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 31 43-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jengtecman.2013.10.004
This is the accepted manuscript version of the article. The final published version is available from Elsevier at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0923474813000647#.
This paper studies the Front End of Eco-Innovation (FEEI), the initial phase of the eco-innovation process. Incorporating environmental concerns at the front-end of innovation is important, as product parameters are still flexible. This paper investigates the FEEI for 42 small and medium sized eco-innovators in the Netherlands by using a survey. The results show that SMEs embrace informal, systematic, and open innovation approaches at the FEEI. Teams appear to be multidisciplinary, and creativity and environmental knowledge are essential. Experimentation played a significant role at the FEEI. The paper concludes with recommendations for future research and implications for managers.
Fuzzy front-end, Eco-innovation, Eco-design, New product development, Sustainability
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jengtecman.2013.10.004
This record's URL: http://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/245338