Comparison of on-line and off-line methods to quantify reactive oxygen species (ROS) in atmospheric aerosols
MetadataShow full item record
Fuller, S., Wragg, F., Nutter, J., & Kalberer, M. (2014). Comparison of on-line and off-line methods to quantify reactive oxygen species (ROS) in atmospheric aerosols. Atmospheric Environment, 92 97-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.006
Atmospheric aerosol particle concentrations have been linked with a wide range of pulmonary and cardio-vascular diseases but the particle properties responsible for these negative health effects are largely unknown. It is often speculated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) present in atmospheric particles lead to oxidative stress in, and ultimately disease of, the human lung. The quantification of ROS is highly challenging because some ROS components such as radicals are highly reactive and therefore short-lived. Thus, fast analysis methods are likely advantageous over methods with a long delay between aerosol sampling and ROS analysis. We present for the first time a detailed comparison of conventional off-line and fast on-line methods to quantify ROS in organic aerosols. For this comparison a new and fast on-line instrument was built and characterized to quantify ROS in aerosol particles with high sensitivity and a limit of detection of 4 nmol H2O2 equivalents per m3 air. ROS concentrations are measured with a time resolution of approximately 15 min, which allows the tracking of fast changing atmospheric conditions. The comparison of the off-line and on-line method shows that, in oxidized organic model aerosol particles, the majority of ROS have a very short lifetime of a few minutes whereas a small fraction is stable for a day or longer. This indicates that off-line techniques, where there is often a delay of hours to days between particle collection and ROS analysis, may severely underestimate true ROS concentrations and that fast on-line techniques are necessary for a reliable ROS quantification in atmospheric aerosol particles and a meaningful correlation with health outcomes.
Organic aerosol, Health effects, On-line analysis
This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council (NE/H52449X/1), the Velux Stiftung (Project 593) and an ERC starting grant (grant no. 279405).
European Research Council (279405)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.006
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/245608