The structural sensitivity of open shear flows calculated with a local stability analysis
European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids
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Juniper, M., & Pier, B. (2014). The structural sensitivity of open shear flows calculated with a local stability analysis. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/245663
The structural sensitivity shows where an instability of a fluid flow is most sensitive to changes in internal feedback mechanisms. It is formed from the overlap of the flow's direct and adjoint global modes. These global modes are usually calculated with 2D or 3D global stability analyses, which can be very computationally expensive. For weakly non-parallel flows the direct global mode can also be calculated with a local stability analysis, which is orders of magnitude cheaper. In this theoretical paper we show that, if the direct global mode has been calculated with a local analysis, then the adjoint global mode follows at little extra cost. We also show that the maximum of the structural sensitivity is the location at which the local k+ and k- branches have the same imaginary value. Finally, we use the local analysis to derive the structural sensitivity of two flows: a confined co-flow wake at Re = 400, for which it works very well, and the flow behind a cylinder at Re = 50, for which it works reasonably well. As expected, we find that the local analysis becomes less accurate when the flow becomes less parallel.
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/245663