On the analogy between vehicle and vehicle-like cavities with reverberation chambers
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
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Herbert, S., Loh, T., Wassell, I., & Rigelsford, J. (2014). On the analogy between vehicle and vehicle-like cavities with reverberation chambers. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 62 6236-6245. https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2014.2363681
Deploying wireless systems in vehicles is an area of current interest. Often, it is implicitly assumed that the electromagnetic environment in vehicle cavities is analogous to that in reverberation chambers, it is therefore important to assess to what extent this analogy is valid. Specifically, the cavity time constant, electromagnetic isolation and electric field uniformity are investigated for typical vehicle and vehicle-like cavities. It is found that the time constant is a global property of the cavity (i.e., it is the same for all links). This is important, as it means that the root mean square delay spread for any link is also a property of the cavity, and thus so is the coherence bandwidth. These properties could be exploited by wireless sytems deployed in vehicles. It is also found that the field distribution is not homogeneous (and is therefore not uniform), but can be isotropic. For situations where the field distribution is isotropic, the spatial coherence is well defined, and therefore Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output antenna arrays can be used to improve performance of wireless systems. For situations where the field distribution is not isotropic, the angular spread is not uniform, and therefore beam-forming can be used to improve performance of wireless systems.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2014.2363681
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/246078