Bayesian Structured Prediction using Gaussian Processes
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
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Bratières, S., Quadrianto, N., & Ghahramani, Z. (2014). Bayesian Structured Prediction using Gaussian Processes. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 37 1514-1520. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPAMI.2014.2366151
We introduce a conceptually novel structured prediction model, GPstruct, which is kernelized, non-parametric and Bayesian, by design. We motivate the model with respect to existing approaches, among others, conditional random fields (CRFs), maximum margin Markov networks (M3N), and structured support vector machines (SVMstruct), which embody only a subset of its properties. We present an inference procedure based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo. The framework can be instantiated for a wide range of structured objects such as linear chains, trees, grids, and other general graphs. As a proof of concept, the model is benchmarked on several natural language processing tasks and a video gesture segmentation task involving a linear chain structure. We show prediction accuracies for GPstruct which are comparable to or exceeding those of CRFs and SVMstruct.
Structured prediction, Gaussian processes, Segmentation
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPAMI.2014.2366151
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/246170