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dc.contributor.authorArmitage, P
dc.contributor.authorGodoy-Shimizu, D
dc.contributor.authorSteemers, K
dc.contributor.authorChenvidyakarn, T
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-12T14:00:13Z
dc.date.available2014-11-12T14:00:13Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationBuilding Research and Information 2015, 43(6): 691-709. doi:10.1080/09613218.2014.975416
dc.identifier.issn0961-3218
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/246354
dc.description.abstractThis paper explores how internal and external characteristics affect energy use in the public sector office stock in England and Wales, using a database of 2,600 Display Energy Certificates (DECs) combined with other sources of disaggregated office information. The DEC office benchmarks were shown to match the median fossil thermal and electrical consumptions well. Analysis of HVAC, size, occupancy density, building age, location and rateable value were considered. While newer offices were shown to have lower typical fossil-thermal consumption than older offices, this was counterbalanced by higher electrical consumption, resulting in higher typical CO2 emissions. This has implications for the UK's emissions reduction targets for 2050, indicating that while building regulations that focus on thermal performance have been successful, a focus on electrical consumption (both regulated and unregulated) is key. The results were also compared with existing benchmarks for all UK offices, splitting the sample into four generic types, and compared to a similar smaller study of private offices. This indicated that public offices typically used less energy than the general benchmarks had previously predicted, particularly for prestige offices.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funding for Doctoral Training Studentships, and in association with the EPSRC funded 'ReVISIONS' project [grant number EP/F007566/1].
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherInforma UK Limited
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectDisplay Energy Certificates
dc.subjectDECs
dc.subjectNon-Domestic Stock
dc.subjectOffices
dc.subjectEnergy Use
dc.subjectBenchmarks
dc.subjectCO2 Emissions
dc.titleUsing Display Energy Certificates to quantify public sector office energy consumption
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the final published version. It first appeared at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2014.975416
prism.endingPage709
prism.publicationDate2014
prism.publicationNameBuilding Research and Information
prism.startingPage691
prism.volume43
dc.rioxxterms.funderEPSRC
dc.rioxxterms.projectidEP/F007566/1
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1080/09613218.2014.975416
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2014-11-05
dc.contributor.orcidSteemers, Koen [0000-0001-8135-158X]
dc.identifier.eissn1466-4321
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/F007566/1)
cam.issuedOnline2014-11-05


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License