Information and interaction requirements for software tools supporting analogical design
Töre Yargın, Gülşen
Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing
Cambridge University Press
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Töre Yargın, G., & Crilly, N. (2015). Information and interaction requirements for software tools supporting analogical design. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing, 2015 (2), 203-214.
This is the accepted manuscript. It will be embargoed until 27/10/2015. The final version is available from CUP at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9673077&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S0890060415000074
One mode of creative design is for designers to draw analogies that connect the design domain (e.g. a mechanical device) to some other domain from which inspiration is drawn (e.g. a biological system). The identification and application of analogies can be supported by software tools that store, structure, present or propose source domain stimuli from which such analogies might be constructed. For these tools to be effective and not impact the design process in negative ways they must fit well with the information and interaction needs of their users. However, the user requirements for these tools are seldom explicitly discussed. Furthermore, the literature that supports the identification of such requirements is distributed across a number of different domains, including those that address analogical design (especially biomimetics), creativity support tools and human-computer interaction. The requirements that these literatures propose can be divided into those that relate to the information content that the tools provide (e.g. level of abstraction, mode of representation) and those that relate to the interaction qualities that the tools support (e.g. accessibility, share-ability). Examining the relationships between these requirements suggests that tool developers should focus on satisfying the key requirements of open-endedness and accessibility whilst managing the conflicts between the other requirements. Attention to these requirements and the relationships between them promises to yield analogical design support tools that better permit designers to identify and apply source information in their creative work.
analogical thinking, design support tools, creativity support tools, design by analogy, user requirements
Dr Gülşen Töre Yargın' s work was supported by the International Post Doctoral Research Fellowship Programme [BİDEB-2219] from the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK). Dr Nathan Crilly' s work was supported by an Early Career Fellowship [EP/K008196/1] from the UK s Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).