Geographically varying associations between personality and life satisfaction in the London metropolitan area
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Sciences
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Jokela, M., Rentfrow, P., Bleidorn, W., Lamb, M., & Gosling, S. D. (2015). Geographically varying associations between personality and life satisfaction in the London metropolitan area. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112 725-730. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1415800112
Residential location is thought to influence people’s wellbeing, but different individuals may value the same residential areas differently. We examined how life satisfaction and personality traits are geographically distributed within the U.K. London metropolitan area, and how the strength of associations between personality traits and life satisfaction vary by residential location (i.e., personality–neighborhood interactions). Residential area was recorded at the level of postal districts (216 districts, n=56,019 participants). The strength of associations between personality traits and life satisfaction were dependent on neighborhood characteristics. Higher openness to experience was more positively associated with life satisfaction in postal districts with higher average openness to experience, population density and ethnic diversity. Higher agreeableness and conscientiousness were more strongly associated with life satisfaction in postal districts with lower overall levels of life satisfaction. The associations of extraversion and emotional stability were not modified by neighborhood characteristics. These findings suggest that people’s life satisfaction depends, at least in part, on the interaction between individual personality and particular features of the places they live.
Neighborhood, Personality, Life satisfaction, Person–environment
This study was financially supported by Kone Foundation and the Academy of Finland (grant no. 268388).
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1415800112
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/246924