Whole-ecosystem experimental manipulations of tropical forests
Fayle, Tom M
Ewers, Robert M
Trends in Ecology & Evolution
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Fayle, T. M., Turner, E., Basset, Y., Ewers, R. M., Reynolds, G., & Novotny, V. (2015). Whole-ecosystem experimental manipulations of tropical forests. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 30 (6), 334-346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2015.03.010
Tropical forests are highly diverse systems involving extraordinary numbers of interactions between species, with each species responding in a different way to the abiotic environment. Understanding how these systems function and predicting how they respond to anthropogenic global change is extremely challenging. We argue for the necessity of ‘whole-ecosystem’ experimental manipulations, in which the entire ecosystem is targeted, either to reveal the functioning of the system in its natural state or to understand responses to anthropogenic impacts. We survey the current range of whole-ecosystem manipulations, which include those targeting weather and climate, nutrients, biotic interactions, human impacts, and habitat restoration. Finally we describe the unique challenges and opportunities presented by such projects and suggest directions for future experiments.
climate change, forest fragmentation, forest restoration, logging, nutrients, species interaction
This review was initiated during a symposium on ‘The effects of large scale manipulations of tropical forests on arthropod assemblages’ at the INTECOL 2013 congress, London 18–23 August 2013. T.M.F. is funded by the Australian Research Council (DP140101541), T.M.F. and R.M.E. by Yayasan Sime Darby, TMF and Y.B. by the project Biodiversity of Forest Ecosystems (CZ.1.07/2.3.00/20.0064) co-financed by the European Social Fund and the state budget of the Czech Republic, and T.M.F. Y.B. and V.N. by the Czech Science Foundation (GACR 14-32302S, 14-36098G, 14-04258S respectively). Y.B. is also supported by the Sistema Nacional de Investigacio´n of Panama. E.C.T. is supported by funds from PT SMART Research Institute and the Isaac Newton Trust, Cambridge. R.M.E. is supported by European Research Council Project number 281986. We are grateful to Maureen Fayle, Andrew Hector, Jan Leps, Scott Miller, Kalsum M. Yusah, Paul Craze, and two anonymous reviewers for advice during the drafting of the manuscript, and Jennifer Balch for additional information regarding her burning experiments.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2015.03.010
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/247831
Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/
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