Modelling of light and temperature influences on cyanobacterial growth and biohydrogen production
Rio-Chanona, EA del
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Zhang, D., Dechatiwongse, P., Rio-Chanona, E. d., Maitland, G., Hellgardt, K., & Vassiliadis, V. (2015). Modelling of light and temperature influences on cyanobacterial growth and biohydrogen production. Algal Research, 9 263-274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.algal.2015.03.015
Dynamic simulation is a valuable tool to assist the scale-up and transition of biofuel production from laboratory scale to potential industrial implementation. In the present study two dynamic models are constructed, based on the Aiba equation, the improved Lambert–Beer's law and the Arrhenius equation. The aims are to simulate the effects of incident light intensity, light attenuation and temperature upon the photo-autotrophic growth and the hydrogen production of the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142. The results are based on experimental data derived from an experimental setup using two different geometries of laboratory scale photobioreactors: tubular and flat-plate. All of the model parameters are determined by an advanced parameter estimation methodology and subsequently verified by sensitivity analysis. The optimal temperature and light intensity facilitating biohydrogen production in the absence of light attenuation have been determined computationally to be 34 °C and 247 μmol m− 2 s− 1, respectively, whereas for cyanobacterial biomass production they are 37 °C and 261 μmol m− 2 s− 1, respectively. Biomass concentration higher than 0.8 g L− 1 is also demonstrated to significantly enhance the light attenuation effect, which in turn inducing photolimitation phenomena. At a higher biomass concentration (3.5 g L− 1), cyanobacteria are unable to activate photosynthesis to maintain their lives in a photo-autotrophic growth culture, and biohydrogen production is significantly inhibited due to the severe light attenuation.
Biohydrogen production, Cyanobacteria, Dynamic simulation, Light intensity, Light attenuation, Temperature
The author D. Zhang gratefully acknowledges the support from his family. The author P. Dechatiwongse is supported by a scholarship from the Royal Thai Government, Thailand, and his project, Solar Hydrogen Project, was funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), project reference EP/F00270X/1. Author E. A. del Rio-Chanona is funded by CONACyT scholarship No. 522530 from the Secretariat of Public Education and the Mexican government. The authors wish to thank Mr. Fabio Fiorelli for his invaluable advice and support during the preparation of this work.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.algal.2015.03.015
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/247989
Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/
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