Spatial metrics to study urban patterns in growing and shrinking cities
Reis, José P
Taylor & Francis
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Reis, J. P., Silva, E., & Pinho, P. (2015). Spatial metrics to study urban patterns in growing and shrinking cities. Urban Geography, 37 246-271. https://doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2015.1096118
This article reviews existing literature on spatial metrics, presenting a portfolio of metrics addressing the spatial patterns of growing and shrinking cities and discussing their potential and limitations. A wide and diverse set of spatial metrics was found. While these metrics address most of the identified spatial patterns of urban growth, spatial metrics used in urban shrinkage studies are much scarcer and not nearly sufficient to provide a comprehensive assessment of its spatial patterns. The article concludes that there is great potential for the development of new spatial metrics or mixed indicators, particularly in shrinkage contexts. The article builds on recent literature focusing on reviewing and developing metrics for particular spatial patterns (notably patterns of urban sprawl), while considering a very broad and multidisciplinary set of metrics. It focuses not only on the outcomes of urban growth but also on those of the increasingly common shrinking phenomenon.
spatial metrics, spatial patterns, urban growth, urban shrinkage
This research was funded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (SFRH/BD/71970/2010), co-financed by the European Social Fund through the POPH Programme.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2015.1096118
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/248382