2H and 27Al Solid-State NMR Study of the Local Environments in Aldoped 2-Line Ferrihydrite, Goethite, and Lepidocrocite
Ilott, Andrew J
Middlemiss, Derek S
Chernova, Natasha A
Chemistry of Materials
American Chemical Society
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Kim, J., Ilott, A. J., Middlemiss, D. S., Chernova, N. A., Pinney, N., Morgan, D., & Grey, C. (2015). 2H and 27Al Solid-State NMR Study of the Local Environments in Aldoped 2-Line Ferrihydrite, Goethite, and Lepidocrocite. Chemistry of Materials, 27 3966-3978. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00856
Although substitution of aluminum into iron oxides and oxyhydroxides has been extensively studied, it is difficult to obtain accurate incorporation levels. Assessing the distribution of dopants within these materials has proven especially challenging because bulk analytical techniques cannot typically determine whether dopants are substituted directly into the bulk iron oxide or oxyhydroxide phase or if they form separate, minor phase impurities. These differences have important implications for the chemistry of these iron-containing materials, which are ubiquitous in the environment. In this work, 27Al and 2H NMR experiments are performed on series of Al-substituted goethite, lepidocrocite and 2-line ferrihydrite in order to develop an NMR method to track Al-substitution. The extent of Al substitution into the structural frameworks of each compound is quantified by comparing quantitative 27Al MAS NMR results with those from elemental analysis. Magnetic measurements are performed for the goethite series to compare with NMR measurements. Static 27Al spin-echo mapping experiments are used to probe the local environments around the Al substituents, providing clear evidence that they are incorporated into the bulk iron phases. Predictions of the 2H and 27Al NMR hyperfine contact shifts in Al-doped goethite and lepidocrocite, obtained from a combined first principles and empirical magnetic scaling approach, give further insight into the distribution of the dopants within these phases.
J.K., A.J.I., D.M. and N.P. were supported by an NSF grant collaborative research grant in chemistry CHE0714183. An allocation of time upon the NANO computer cluster at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, U.S.A., which is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 is also acknowledged. D.S.M. and C.P.G. thank the EPSRC and the EU-ERC for support.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00856
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/248491
Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/