Calculation of TiO2 Surface and Subsurface Oxygen Vacancy by the Screened Exchange Functional
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
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Li, H., Guo, Y., & Robertson, J. (2015). Calculation of TiO2 Surface and Subsurface Oxygen Vacancy by the Screened Exchange Functional. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119 18160-18166. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b02430
The formation energies of oxygen vacancies at different surface and subsurface sites of anatase (101), anatase (001) and rutile (110) surfaces are calculated by screened-exchange (sX) hybrid functional method. Our results show that the oxygen vacancy is more stable on the surface than subsurface for rutile (110), while it is more stable subsurface than on the surface for anatase surfaces. These results are similar to those found by simple density functional theory, but now the sX hybrid functional gives the correct defect localizations. The defects introduce a gap state near the conduction band edge. For the most stable oxygen vacancy site at each TiO_2 surface, the +2 charge state dominates over a wide range of Fermi energies.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b02430
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/249039