Prion-induced neurotoxicity: Possible role for cell cycle activity and DNA damage response.
World J Virol
Baishideng Publishing Group Inc.
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Bujdoso, R., Landgraf, M., Jackson, W. S., & Thackray, A. (2015). Prion-induced neurotoxicity: Possible role for cell cycle activity and DNA damage response.. World J Virol, 4 188-197. https://doi.org/10.5501/wjv.v4.i3.188
Protein misfolding neurodegenerative diseases arise through neurotoxicity induced by aggregation of host proteins. These conditions include Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, motor neuron disease, tauopathies and prion diseases. Collectively, these conditions are a challenge to society because of the increasing aged population and through the real threat to human food security by animal prion diseases. It is therefore important to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie protein misfolding-induced neurotoxicity as this will form the basis for designing strategies to alleviate their burden. Prion diseases are an important paradigm for neurodegenerative conditions in general since several of these maladies have now been shown to display prion-like phenomena. Increasingly, cell cycle activity and the DNA damage response are recognised as cellular events that participate in the neurotoxic process of various neurodegenerative diseases, and their associated animal models, which suggests they are truly involved in the pathogenic process and are not merely epiphenomena. Here we review the role of cell cycle activity and the DNA damage response in neurodegeneration associated with protein misfolding diseases, and suggest that these events contribute towards prion-induced neurotoxicity. In doing so, we highlight PrP transgenic Drosophila as a tractable model for the genetic analysis of transmissible mammalian prion disease.
Supported by The NC3Rs No. NC/K000462/1 (in part).
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/M002934/1)
National Centre for the Replacement Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research (NC/K000462/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.5501/wjv.v4.i3.188
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/250323
Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/uk/
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