Magnetic levitation using high temperature superconducting pancake coils as composite bulk cylinders
Superconductor Science and Technology
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Patel, A., Hopkins, S., Baskys, A., Kalitka, V., Molodyk, A., & Glowacki, B. (2015). Magnetic levitation using high temperature superconducting pancake coils as composite bulk cylinders. Superconductor Science and Technology, 28 (115007)https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/28/11/115007
Stacks of superconducting tape can be used as composite bulk superconductors for both trapped field magnets and for magnetic levitation. Little previous work has been done on quantifying the levitation force behaviour between stacks of tape and permanent magnets. This paper reports the axial levitation force properties of superconducting tape wound into pancake coils to act as a composite bulk cylinder, showing that similar stable forces are possible to those expected from a uniform bulk cylinder. Force creep was also measured and simulated for the system. The geometry tested is a possible candidate for a rotary superconducting bearing. Detailed finite element modelling in COMSOL Multiphysics was also performed including a full critical state model for induced currents, with temperature and field dependent properties and 3D levitation force models. This work represents one of the most complete levitation force modelling frameworks yet reported using the H-formulation and helps explain why the coil-like stacks of tape are able to sustain levitation forces. The flexibility of geometry and consistency of superconducting properties offered by stacks of tapes, make them attractive for superconducting levitation applications.
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of SKF S2M, the magnetic bearing division of SKF, the Isaac Newton Trust, Cambridge and EPSRC.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/28/11/115007
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/250501
Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/