Trends in local newspaper reporting of London cyclist fatalities 1992-2012: the role of the media in shaping the systems dynamics of cycling.
Accid Anal Prev
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Macmillan, A., Roberts, A., Woodcock, J., Aldred, R., & Goodman, A. (2016). Trends in local newspaper reporting of London cyclist fatalities 1992-2012: the role of the media in shaping the systems dynamics of cycling.. Accid Anal Prev, 86 137-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.10.016
BACKGROUND: Successfully increasing cycling across a broad range of the population would confer important health benefits, but many potential cyclists are deterred by fears about traffic danger. Media coverage of road traffic crashes may reinforce this perception. As part of a wider effort to model the system dynamics of urban cycling, in this paper we examined how media coverage of cyclist fatalities in London changed across a period when the prevalence of cycling doubled. We compared this with changes in the coverage of motorcyclist fatalities as a control group. METHODS: Police records of traffic crashes (STATS19) were used to identify all cyclist and motorcyclist fatalities in London between 1992 and 2012. We searched electronic archives of London's largest local newspaper to identify relevant articles (January 1992-April 2014), and sought to identify which police-reported fatalities received any media coverage. We repeated this in three smaller English cities. RESULTS: Across the period when cycling trips doubled in London, the proportion of fatalities covered in the local media increased from 6% in 1992-1994 to 75% in 2010-2012. By contrast, the coverage of motorcyclist fatalities remained low (4% in 1992-1994 versus 5% in 2010-2012; p=0.007 for interaction between mode and time period). Comparisons with other English cities suggested that the changes observed in London might not occur in smaller cities with lower absolute numbers of crashes, as in these settings fatalities are almost always covered regardless of mode share (79-100% coverage for both cyclist and motorcyclist fatalities). CONCLUSION: In large cities, an increase in the popularity (and therefore 'newsworthiness') of cycling may increase the propensity of the media to cover cyclist fatalities. This has the potential to give the public the impression that cycling has become more dangerous, and thereby initiate a negative feedback loop that dampens down further increases in cycling. Understanding these complex roles of the media in shaping cycling trends may help identify effective policy levers to achieve sustained growth in cycling.
Cycling, Fatality, Injury, Media, Systems dynamics, Trends
AR’s contribution to this research project was supported by the University of Birmingham, through the Public Health & Population Sciences BMedSc Intercalated Degree Programme. JW’s contribution to the project is funded by a Medical Research Council (MRC) Population Health Scientist Fellowship. JW was an awarded an MRC Centenary award and this funded AM’s contribution to the project. AG’s contribution to this project was supported by a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) postdoctoral fellowship. The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR, Department of Health or other study funders. We would like to thank, Charles Ogunmilade, Nhyim Tandooran-Sentain, Emmanuel Olarewaju and Tabitha Manzuangani for their contributions to data collection, and to thank Lesley Roberts for helpful discussion and comments on early drafts of this manuscript.
Economic and Social Research Council (ES/G007462/1)
Medical Research Council (MR/K021796/1)
Medical Research Council (MR/K023187/1)
Economic and Social Research Council (ES/K004549/1)
Economic and Social Research Council (ES/J022101/1)
Wellcome Trust (087636/Z/08/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.10.016
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/252366
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Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/