Do Adults with High Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome Differ in Empathy and Emotion Recognition?
Montgomery, Charlotte B
Langdon, Peter E
Empathy and Emotion Recognition in ASC
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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Montgomery, C. B., Allison, C., Lai, M., Cassidy, S., Langdon, P. E., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2016). Do Adults with High Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome Differ in Empathy and Emotion Recognition?. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46 (6), 1931-1940. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2698-4
The present study examined whether adults with high functioning autism (HFA) showed greater difficulties in (i) their self-reported ability to empathise with others and/or (ii) their ability to read mental states in others’ eyes than adults with Asperger syndrome (AS). The Empathy Quotient (EQ) and ‘Reading the Mind in the Eyes’ Test (Eyes Test) were compared in 43 adults with AS and 43 adults with HFA. No significant difference was observed on EQ score between groups, while adults with AS performed significantly better on the Eyes Test than those with HFA. This suggests that adults with HFA may need more support, particularly in mentalizing and complex emotion recognition, and raises questions about the existence of subgroups within autism spectrum conditions.
Autism, Asperger, Empathy, Emotion, DSM-5
Professor Simon Baron-Cohen was supported by grants from the Autism Research Trust, the UK Medical Research Council, the Wellcome Trust, and the NIHR CLAHRC EoE during the period of this work. Dr Peter E Langdon is funded by a National Institute for Health Research Postdoctoral Fellowship. This article presents independent research funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the National Health Service, the National Institute for Health Research or the Department of Health.
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2698-4
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253213
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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