Template-Assisted Hydrothermal Growth of Aligned Zinc Oxide Nanowires for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Applications.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
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Ou, C., Sanchez-Jimenez, P., Datta, A., Boughey, C., Whiter, R., Sahonta, L., & Kar-Narayan, S. (2016). Template-Assisted Hydrothermal Growth of Aligned Zinc Oxide Nanowires for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Applications.. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 8 (22), 13678-13683. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b04041
A flexible and robust piezoelectric nanogenerator (NG) based on a polymer-ceramic nanocomposite structure has been successfully fabricated via a cost-effective and scalable template-assisted hydrothermal synthesis method. Vertically aligned arrays of dense and uniform zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires (NWs) with high aspect ratio (diameter ∼250 nm, length ∼12 μm) were grown within nanoporous polycarbonate (PC) templates. The energy conversion efficiency was found to be ∼4.2%, which is comparable to previously reported values for ZnO NWs. The resulting NG is found to have excellent fatigue performance, being relatively immune to detrimental environmental factors and mechanical failure, as the constituent ZnO NWs remain embedded and protected inside the polymer matrix.
ZnO nanowires, energy harvesting, hydrothermal synthesis, nanogenerators, piezoelectric effect
The authors thank Yeonsik Choi for discussions and experimental support. S.K.-N., C.O., and A.D. are grateful for financial support from the European Research Council through an ERC Starting Grant (Grant no. ERC-2014-STG-639526, NANOGEN). F.L.B. and R.A.W. thank the EPSRC Cambridge NanoDTC, EP/G037221/1, for studentship funding. P.S.J. acknowledges the support of TEP-1900 and Talentia Postdoc Program, cofunded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program, Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions (COFUND Grant Agreement 267226) and the Ministry of Economy, Innovation, Science and Employment of the Junta de Andalucía. S-L.S acknowledges support through the EPSRC grant EP/M010589/1
European Commission (639526)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions (702868)
Royal Society (dh110046)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b04041
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/256283