Mix and match recognition modules for the formation of H-bonded duplexes.
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Stross, A. E., Iadevaia, G., & Hunter, C. (2016). Mix and match recognition modules for the formation of H-bonded duplexes.. Chemical Science, 7 (9), 5686-5691. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6sc01884j
Oligomeric molecules equipped with complementary H-bond recognition sites form stable duplexes in non-polar solvents. The use of a single H-bond between a good H-bond donor and a good H-bond acceptor as the recognition motif appended to a non-polar backbone leads to an architecture with interchangeable recognition alphabets. The interactions of three different families of H-bond acceptor oligomers (pyridine, pyridine N-oxide or phosphine oxide recognition module) with a family of H-bond donor oligomers (phenol recognition module) are compared. All three donor-acceptor combinations form stable duplexes, where the stability of the 1 : 1 complex increases with increasing numbers of recognition modules. The effective molarity for formation of intramolecular H-bonds that lead to zipping up of the duplex (EM) increases with decreasing flexibility of the recognition modules: 14 mM for the phosphine oxides which are connected to the backbone via a flexible linker; 40 mM for the pyridine N-oxides which have three fewer degrees of torsional freedom, and 80 mM for the pyridines where the geometry of the H-bond is more directional. However, the pyridine-phenol H-bond is an order of magnitude weaker than the other two types of H-bond, so overall the pyridine N-oxides form the most stable duplexes with the highest degree of cooperativity. The results show that it is possible to use different recognition motifs with the same duplex architecture, and this makes it possible to tune overall stabilities of the complexes by varying the components.
We thank the EPSRC and ERC for funding
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c6sc01884j
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/256394
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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