Gene transcription profiles associated with inter-modular hubs and connection distance in human functional magnetic resonance imaging networks
Dolan, Raymond J
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Royal Society Publishing
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Vertes, P., Rittman, T., Whitaker, K., Romero-Garcia, R., Váša, F., Kitzbichler, M., Wagstyl, K., et al. (2016). Gene transcription profiles associated with inter-modular hubs and connection distance in human functional magnetic resonance imaging networks. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371 (20150362)https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0362
Human functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain networks have a complex topology comprising integrative components, e.g. long-distance inter-modular edges, that are theoretically associated with higher biological cost. Here, we estimated intra-modular degree, inter-modular degree and connection distance for each of 285 cortical nodes in multi-echo fMRI data from 38 healthy adults. We used the multivariate technique of partial least squares (PLS) to reduce the dimensionality of the relationships between these three nodal network parameters and prior microarray data on regional expression of 20 737 genes. The first PLS component defined a transcriptional profile associated with high intra-modular degree and short connection distance, whereas the second PLS component was associated with high inter-modular degree and long connection distance. Nodes in superior and lateral cortex with high inter-modular degree and long connection distance had local transcriptional profiles enriched for oxidative metabolism and mitochondria, and for genes specific to supragranular layers of human cortex. In contrast, primary and secondary sensory cortical nodes in posterior cortex with high intra-modular degree and short connection distance had transcriptional profiles enriched for RNA translation and nuclear components. We conclude that, as predicted, topologically integrative hubs, mediating long-distance connections between modules, are more costly in terms of mitochondrial glucose metabolism. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Interpreting BOLD: a dialogue between cognitive and cellular neuroscience’.
economy, graph theory, hub, Allen Institute for Brain Sciences, transcriptome, community structure
PEV is supported by an MRC Bioinformatics Research Fellowship (MR/K020706/1). Functional MRI data acquisition was supported by a strategic award from the Wellcome Trust to the University of Cambridge (IMG, PBJ, ETB) and University College London (RJD, PF): the Neuroscience in Psychiatry Network (NSPN). Additional support was provided by the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre. Access to gene expression data was provided by the Allen Institute for Brain Sciences Website: © 2015 Allen Institute for Brain Science. Allen Human Brain Atlas [Internet]. Available from: http://human.brain-map.org. FV is supported by a Gates Cambridge PhD studentship. KW is supported by the University of Cambridge MB/PhD Programme and the Wellcome Trust. We thank Gita Prabu, Roger Tait, Cinly Ooi, John Suckling and Becky Inkster for fMRI data collection and storage. ETB is employed half-time by the University of Cambridge and half-time by GlaxoSmithKline(GSK).
Wellcome Trust (095844/Z/11/Z)
Medical Research Council (G1100464)
Wellcome Trust (093875/Z/10/Z)
Embargo Lift Date
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0362
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/256494
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