Training in positivity for stroke? A qualitative study of acceptability of use of Positive Mental Training (PosMT) as a tool to assist stroke survivors with post-stroke psychological problems and in coping with rehabilitation
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Mavaddat, N., Dobbin, A., Ross, S., Williams, K., Graffy, J., & Mant, J. (2017). Training in positivity for stroke? A qualitative study of acceptability of use of Positive Mental Training (PosMT) as a tool to assist stroke survivors with post-stroke psychological problems and in coping with rehabilitation. NeuroRehabilitation, 40 259-270. https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-161411
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke psychological problems predict poor recovery, while positive affect enables patients to focus on rehabilitation and may improve functional outcomes. Positive Mental Training (PosMT), a guided self-help audio shows promise as a tool in promoting positivity, optimism and resilience. OBJECTIVE: To assess acceptability of training in positivity with PosMT for prevention and management of post-stroke psychological problems and to help with coping with rehabilitation. METHODS: A modified PosMT tool consisted of 12 audio tracks each lasting 18 minutes, one listened to every day for a week. Survivors and carers were asked to listen for 4 weeks, but could volunteer to listen for more. Interviews took place about experiences of the tool after 4 and 12 weeks. Subjects: 10 stroke survivors and 5 carers from Stroke Support Groups in the UK. RESULTS: Three stroke survivors did not engage with the tool. The remainder reported positive physical and psychological benefits including improved relaxation, better sleep and reduced anxiety after four weeks. Survivors who completed the programme gained a positive outlook on the future, increased motivation, confidence and ability to cope with rehabilitation. No adverse effects were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The PosMT shows potential as a tool for coping with rehabilitation and overcoming post-stroke psychological problems including anxiety and depression.
stroke, rehabilitation, rehabilitation interventions, positivity, depression, anxiety, qualitative analysis, semi-structured interviews
This work was supported through the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP), UK Scientific Foundation Board, United Kingdom.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-161411
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/257313