Stat3 modulates chloride channel accessory protein expression in normal and neoplastic mammary tissue.
Cell Death and Disease
Nature Publishing Group
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Hughes, K., Blanck, M., Pensa, S., & Watson, C. (2016). Stat3 modulates chloride channel accessory protein expression in normal and neoplastic mammary tissue.. Cell Death and Disease, 7 (10), e2398-e2398. https://doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2016.302
Mammary gland regression at the cessation of lactation (involution) is an exquisitely orchestrated process of cell death and tissue remodelling in which Stat3 signalling has an essential role. The involution microenvironment of the mammary gland is considered to be pro-tumourigenic and a proportion of cases of pregnancy-associated breast cancer are suggested to originate in tandem with involution. However, the apparent paradox that STAT3 is required for cell death in normal mammary gland, but is associated with breast cancer cell survival, has not been resolved. Herein, we investigate Stat3-mediated regulation of expression of members of the calcium-activated chloride channel regulator (CLCA) family of proteins during involution and mammary carcinogenesis. Using the conditionally immortal mammary epithelial cell line KIM-2, together with mice exhibiting mammary epithelial cell-specific deletion of Stat3 during lactation, we demonstrate that expression of mCLCA1 and mCLCA2 is elevated in concert with activation of Stat3. By contrast, murine CLCA5 (mCLCA5), the murine orthologue of human CLCA2, is significantly upregulated at 24, 72 and 96 h of involution in Stat3 knockout mice, suggesting a reciprocal regulation of these proteins by Stat3 in vivo. Interestingly, orthotopic tumours arising from transplantation of 4T1 murine mammary tumour cells exhibit both phosphorylated Stat3 and mCLCA5 expression. However, we demonstrate that expression is highly compartmentalized to distinct subpopulations of cells, and that Stat3 retains a suppressive effect on mCLCA5 expression in 4T1 tumour cells. These findings enhance our understanding of the regulation of CLCA channel expression both in vitro and in vivo, and in particular, demonstrate that expression of mCLCA1 and mCLCA2 during involution is profoundly dependent upon Stat3, whereas the relationship between mCLCA5 and Stat3 activity is reciprocal and restricted to different subpopulations of cells.
Animals, Carcinogenesis, Cell Differentiation, Cell Line, Cell Nucleus, Chloride Channels, Down-Regulation, Epithelial Cells, Female, Humans, Mammary Glands, Animal, Mammary Neoplasms, Animal, Mice, Phosphorylation, STAT3 Transcription Factor, Up-Regulation
KH was funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) (project grant number G0900980) and is a co-applicant on MRC project grant number MR/K011014/1. MB was funded by a Department of Pathology PhD studentship. SP was funded by the MRC (project grant number MR/K011014/1). Work in CJW’s laboratory is funded by the MRC, NC3Rs and the Wellcome Trust
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2016.302
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/260712
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