Overcoming barriers to electrical energy storage: comparing California and Europe
Castellano Ruz, R
Competition and Regulation in Network Industries
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Castellano Ruz, R., & Pollitt, M. (2016). Overcoming barriers to electrical energy storage: comparing California and Europe. Competition and Regulation in Network Industries, 217 (2), 123-150. https://doi.org/10.1177/178359171601700202
Multiple market drivers suggest that electrical energy storage (EES) systems are going to be essential for future power systems within the next decade. However, the deployment of the technology is proceeding at very different rates around the world. Whereas the sector is progressing quickly in California, it is not gaining much traction, so far, in Europe. This research aims to examine the prospects for viable business models of EES to emerge, by focussing on the value proposition, value creation and value capture aspects of the technology. The market and regulatory framework in California and Europe are analysed critically, and changes to overcome the main barriers are recommended. The research shows that the main barriers to viable business models are: inadequate definition and classification of EES in legislation; lack of markets for some ancillary services; inadequate market design that benefits traditional technologies; and the lack of need for EES in some jurisdictions. The prospects are better in California because regulation is more advanced and favourable for the technology, and regulators are collaborating with developers and utilities to analyse barriers and solutions for the technology. In Europe, there is a need to study more deeply the necessity of EES, to clarify the definition of EES, create new markets for ancillary services and design technology-neutral market rules.
electrical energy storage, battery, market design
This research was supported by the Energy Policy Research Group at the Judge Business School (University of Cambridge) and is part of the EPSRC Business, Economics, Planning and Policy for Energy Storage in Low-Carbon Futures project (Grant Number: EP/L014386/1).
EPSRC (VIA IMPERIAL COLLEGE) (EP/L014386/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/178359171601700202
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/261328