Increased DNA methylation variability in type 1 diabetes across three immune effector cell types
Elding Larsson, H
Nature Publishing Group
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Paul, D., Teschendorff, A., Dang, M., Lowe, R., Hawa, M., Ecker, S., Beyan, H., et al. (2016). Increased DNA methylation variability in type 1 diabetes across three immune effector cell types. Nature Communications, 7 13555-13555. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13555
The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) has substantially increased over the past decade, suggesting a role for non-genetic factors such as epigenetic mechanisms in disease development. Here we present an epigenome-wide association study across 406,365 CpGs in 52 monozygotic twin pairs discordant for T1D in three immune effector cell types. We observe a substantial enrichment of differentially variable CpG positions (DVPs) in T1D twins when compared with their healthy co-twins and when compared with healthy, unrelated individuals. These T1D-associated DVPs are found to be temporally stable and enriched at gene regulatory elements. Integration with cell type-specific gene regulatory circuits highlight pathways involved in immune cell metabolism and the cell cycle, including mTOR signalling. Evidence from cord blood of newborns who progress to overt T1D suggests that the DVPs likely emerge after birth. Our findings, based on 772 methylomes, implicate epigenetic changes that could contribute to disease pathogenesis in T1D.
disease genetics, epigenomics, type 1 diabetes
This work was funded by the EU-FP7 project BLUEPRINT (282510) and the Wellcome Trust (99148). We thank all twins for taking part in this study; Kerra Pearce and Mark Kristiansen (UCL Genomics) for processing the Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChips; Rasmus Bennet for technical assistance; and Laura Phipps for proofreading the manuscript. The BMBF Pediatric Diabetes Biobank recruits patients from the National Diabetes Patient Documentation System (DPV), and is financed by the German Ministry of Education and Research within the German Competence Net Diabetes Mellitus (01GI1106 and 01GI1109B). It was integrated into the German Center for Diabetes Research in January 2015. We thank the Swedish Research Council and SUS Funds for support. We gratefully acknowledge the participation of all NIHR Cambridge BioResource volunteers, and thank the Cambridge BioResource staff for their help with volunteer recruitment. We thank members of the Cambridge BioResource SAB and Management Committee for their support of our study and the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre for funding. The Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit is supported by the UK Medical Research Council (G0800270), BHF (SP/09/002), and NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre. Research in the Ouwehand laboratory is supported by the NIHR, BHF (PG-0310-1002 and RG/09/12/28096) and NHS Blood and Transplant. K.D. is funded as a HSST trainee by NHS Health Education England. M.F. is supported by the BHF Cambridge Centre of Excellence (RE/13/6/30180). A.D., E.L., L.C. and P.F. receive additional support from the European Molecular Biology Laboratory. A.K.S. is supported by an ADA Career Development Award (1-14-CD-17). B.O.B. and R.D.L. acknowledge support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and European Federation for the Study of Diabetes, respectively.
European Commission FP7 Network of Excellence (NoE) (282510)
EC FP7 NOE (282510)
British Heart Foundation (RG/09/012/28096)
British Heart Foundation (RE/13/6/30180)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13555
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/261498
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