The N-terminal loop of IRAK-4 death domain regulates ordered assembly of the Myddosome signalling scaffold
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Dossang, A., Motshwene, P., Yang, Y., Symmons, M., Bryant, C., Borman, S., George, J., et al. (2016). The N-terminal loop of IRAK-4 death domain regulates ordered assembly of the Myddosome signalling scaffold. Sci Rep, 6 (37267)https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37267
Activation of Toll-like receptors induces dimerization and the recruitment of the death domain (DD) adaptor protein MyD88 into an oligomeric post receptor complex termed the Myddosome. The Myddosome is a hub for inflammatory and oncogenic signaling and has a hierarchical arrangement with 6-8 MyD88 molecules assembling with exactly 4 of IRAK-4 and 4 of IRAK-2. Here we show that a conserved motif in IRAK-4 (Ser8-X-X-X-Arg12) is autophosphorylated and that the phosphorylated DD is unable to form Myddosomes. Furthermore a mutant DD with the phospho-mimetic residue Asp at this position is impaired in both signalling and Myddosome assembly. IRAK-4 Arg12 is also essential for Myddosome assembly and signalling and we propose that phosphorylated Ser8 induces the N-terminal loop to fold into an α-helix. This conformer is stabilised by an electrostatic interaction between phospho-Ser8 and Arg12 and would destabilise a critical interface between IRAK-4 and MyD88. Interestingly IRAK-2 does not conserve this motif and has an alternative interface in the Myddosome that requires Arg67, a residue conserved in paralogues, IRAK-1 and 3(M).
This work was supported by program grants from the Wellcome Trust (WT081744/Z/06/Z) and the UK Medical Research Council (G1000133) to N.J.G. and C.E.B. and a Wellcome Investigator award to N.J.G. (WT100321/z/12/Z). AD was the recipient of a studentship award from GlaxoSmithKline. JG was supported by the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ). ANRW was supported by the Else-Kröner-Fresenius-Stiftung, the German Research Foundation (Grant SFB685 “Immunotherapy”) and the University of Tübingen. PGM was supported by a Thuthuka Grant from the S. African NRF (TTK14060668443).
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37267
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/264611