Fate mapping of human glioblastoma reveals an invariant stem cell hierarchy
Nature Publishing Group
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Lan, X., Joerg, D., Cavalli, F., Richards, L., Nguyen, L., Vanner, R., Guilhamon, P., et al. (2017). Fate mapping of human glioblastoma reveals an invariant stem cell hierarchy. Nature, 549 (7671), 227-232. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature23666
Human glioblastomas (GBMs) harbour a subpopulation of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) that drive tumourigenesis. However, the origin of intra-tumoural functional heterogeneity between GBM cells remains poorly understood. Here we study the clonal evolution of barcoded GBM cells in an unbiased way following serial xenotransplantation to define their individual fate behaviours. Independent of an evolving mutational signature, we show that the growth of GBM clones in vivo is consistent with a remarkably neutral process involving a conserved proliferative hierarchy rooted in GSCs. In this model, slow-cycling stem-like cells give rise to a more rapidly cycling progenitor population with extensive self-maintenance capacity, that in turn generates non-proliferative cells. We also identify rare “outlier” clones that deviate from these dynamics, and further show that chemotherapy facilitates the expansion of pre-existing drug-resistant GSCs. Finally, we show that functionally distinct GSCs can be separately targeted using epigenetic compounds, suggesting new avenues for GBM targeted therapy.
CNS cancer, Cancer stem cells
This study was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (funding reference number 142434), the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research through funding provided by the Government of Ontario, and Stand Up To Cancer (SU2C) Canada. P.B.D. is also supported by the Terry Fox Research Institute, the Canadian Cancer Society, the Hospital for Sick Children Foundation, Jessica’s Footprint Foundation, the Hopeful Minds Foundation, the Bresler family, and B.R.A.I.N. Child. P.B.D. holds a Garron Family Chair in Childhood Cancer Research at The Hospital for Sick Children. B.D.S. acknowledges the support of the Wellcome Trust (grant number 098357/Z/12/Z). C.J.E. acknowledges grant support from the Canadian Cancer Society and the Terry Fox Run. Research was supported by SU2C Canada Cancer Stem Cell Dream Team Research Funding (SU2C-AACR-DT-19-15) provided by the Government of Canada through Genome Canada and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, with supplementary support from the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research through funding provided by the Government of Ontario. Stand Up To Cancer Canada is a program of the Entertainment Industry Foundation Canada. Research funding is administered by the American Association for Cancer Research International – Canada, the scientific partner of SU2C Canada. The Structural Genomics Consortium is funded by AbbVie, Bayer, Boehringer Ingelheim, GSK, Genome Canada, Ontario Genomics Institute, Janssen, Lilly, Merck, Novartis, the government of Ontario, Pfizer, Takeda, and the Wellcome Trust.
WELLCOME TRUST (098357/Z/12/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature23666
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267454