Cryo-EM structures of complex I from mouse heart mitochondria in two biochemically defined states.
Agip, Ahmed-Noor A
Nature structural & molecular biology
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Agip, A. A., Blaza, J. N., Bridges, H., Viscomi, C., Rawson, S., Muench, S. P., & Hirst, J. (2018). Cryo-EM structures of complex I from mouse heart mitochondria in two biochemically defined states.. Nature structural & molecular biology, 25 (7), 548-556. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41594-018-0073-1
Complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) uses the reducing potential of NADH to drive protons across the energy-transducing inner membrane and power oxidative phosphorylation in mammalian mitochondria. Recently, cryoEM analyses have produced close-to-complete models of all 45 subunits in the bovine, ovine and porcine complexes, and identifed two states relevant to complex I in ischemia-reperfusion injury. Here, we describe the 3.3-Å structure of complex I from mouse heart mitochondria, a biomedically-relevant model system, in the ‘active’ state. We reveal a nucleotide bound in subunit NDUFA10, a nucleoside-kinase homolog, and define mechanistically-critical elements in the mammalian enzyme. By comparisons with a 3.9-Å structure of the ‘deactive’ state and with known bacterial structures we identify differences in helical geometry in the membrane domain that occur upon activation, or that alter the positions of catalytically-important charged residues. Our results demonstrate the capability of cryoEM analyses to challenge and develop mechanistic models for mammalian complex I.
Mitochondria, Heart, Animals, Mice, Ubiquinone, Electron Transport Complex I, NADH Dehydrogenase, Nucleotides, Phospholipids, Protein Subunits, Cryoelectron Microscopy, Binding Sites, Enzyme Activation, Protein Structure, Quaternary, Models, Molecular, Protein Structural Elements
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41594-018-0073-1
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/278849