Surface Plasmon Polariton Graphene Photodetectors.
American Chemical Society (ACS)
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Echtermeyer, T., Milana, S., Sassi, U., Eiden, A., Wu, M., Lidorikis, E., & Ferrari, A. (2016). Surface Plasmon Polariton Graphene Photodetectors.. Nano Lett, 16 (1), 8-20. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02051
The combination of plasmonic nanoparticles and graphene enhances the responsivity and spectral selectivity of graphene-based photodetectors. However, the small area of the metal-graphene junction, where the induced electron-hole pairs separate, limits the photoactive region to submicron length scales. Here, we couple graphene with a plasmonic grating and exploit the resulting surface plasmon polaritons to deliver the collected photons to the junction region of a metal-graphene-metal photodetector. This gives a 400% enhancement of responsivity and a 1000% increase in photoactive length, combined with tunable spectral selectivity. The interference between surface plasmon polaritons and the incident wave introduces new functionalities, such as light flux attraction or repulsion from the contact edges, enabling the tailored design of the photodetector's spectral response. This architecture can also be used for surface plasmon biosensing with direct-electric-redout, eliminating the need of bulky optics.
Graphite, Metals, Surface Plasmon Resonance, Biosensing Techniques, Nanotechnology, Photons, Light, Nanoparticles
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/K01711X/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/K017144/1)
European Commission (604391)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02051
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/279545