Activity and Connectivity Differences Underlying Inhibitory Control Across the Adult Life Span.
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Treder, Matthias S
Cambridge Centre for Ageing and Neuroscience,
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Society for Neuroscience
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Tsvetanov, K., Ye, Z., Hughes, L., Samu, D., Treder, M. S., Wolpe, N., Tyler, L., et al. (2018). Activity and Connectivity Differences Underlying Inhibitory Control Across the Adult Life Span.. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 38 (36), 7887-7900. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.2919-17.2018
Inhibitory control requires precise regulation of activity and connectivity within multiple brain networks. Previous studies have typically evaluated age-related changes in regional activity or changes in interregional interactions. Instead, we test the hypothesis that activity and connectivity make distinct, complementary, contributions to performance across the lifespan, and the maintenance of successful inhibitory control systems. A representative sample of healthy human adults in a large, population-based lifespan cohort performed an integrated stop-signal/No-Go task during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI: n=119, 18-88 years). Individual differences in inhibitory control were measured in terms of the stop signal reaction time (SSRT), using the blocked integration method. Linear models and independent components analysis revealed that individual differences in SSRT correlated with both activity and connectivity in a distributed inhibition network, comprising prefrontal, premotor and motor regions. Importantly, this pattern was moderated by age, such that the association between inhibitory control and connectivity, but not activity, differed with age. Multivariate statistics and out-of-sample validation tests of multifactorial functional organization identified differential roles of activity and connectivity in determining an individuals’ SSRT across the lifespan. We propose that age-related differences in adaptive cognitive control are best characterized by the joint consideration of multi-focal activity and connectivity within distributed brain networks. These insights may facilitate the development of new strategies to support cognitive ability in old age.
Cambridge Centre for Ageing and Neuroscience, Brain, Nerve Net, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Brain Mapping, Individuality, Reaction Time, Neuropsychological Tests, Aging, Longevity, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Female, Male, Young Adult, Executive Function, Inhibition, Psychological
James S McDonnell Foundation (220020289)
WELLCOME TRUST (103838/Z/14/Z)
Embargo Lift Date
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.2919-17.2018
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/280491