Food based dietary patterns and chronic disease prevention.
Schulze, Matthias B
Martínez-González, Miguel A
Fung, Teresa T
Lichtenstein, Alice H
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Schulze, M. B., Martínez-González, M. A., Fung, T. T., Lichtenstein, A. H., & Forouhi, N. (2018). Food based dietary patterns and chronic disease prevention.. BMJ, 361 k2396. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k2396
Can specific foods provide health benefits? Will adopting a specific food pattern prevent major chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or cancer? Are exclusion diets—vegetarian or vegan diets or avoidance of foods containing gluten, lactose, or fructose—the key to good health? Should doctors advise patients to follow a paleolithic diet? The wide range of popular diet plans and concepts seems to continuously expand. But to what extent are their purported benefits supported by scientific evidence? We have qualitatively assessed the available evidence from recent systematic reviews of long term studies to summarise current understanding of foods or dietary patterns and risk of major chronic diseases. Given that nutrition research has been criticised for providing apparently implausible results which might contribute to the range of different popular diet concepts, we also discuss methodological approaches and specific challenges of conducting research on food intake patterns and health.
Humans, Chronic Disease, Diet, Eating, Food, Nutritional Sciences
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12015/5)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k2396
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/280532
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/