Electrically Controlled Nano and Micro Actuation in Memristive Switching Devices with On-Chip Gas Encapsulation.
Astier, Hippolyte PAG
Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
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Kos, D., Astier, H. P., Martino, G. D., Mertens, J., Ohadi, H., De Fazio, D., Yoon, D., et al. (2018). Electrically Controlled Nano and Micro Actuation in Memristive Switching Devices with On-Chip Gas Encapsulation.. Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 14 (34), e1801599. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201801599
Nanoactuators are a key component for developing nanomachinery. Here, an electrically-driven device yielding actuation stresses exceeding 1 MPa with integrated optical readout is demonstrated. Electrolyte films of 10nm-thick Al2O3 are sandwiched between graphene and Au electrodes that allow reversible room-temperature solid-state redox producing Al metal and O2 gas in a memristive-type switching device. The resulting high-pressure oxygen micro-fuel reservoirs are encapsulated under the graphene, swelling to heights of up to 1µm, which can be dynamically tracked by plasmonic rulers. Unlike in standard memristors where the memristive redox reaction occurs in single or few conductive filaments, the mechanical deformation forces the constant creation of new filaments over the whole area of the inflated film. The resulting on-off resistance ratios are exceptionally high, reaching 10^8 in some cycles. The synchronisation of nanoactuation and memristive switching in these devices is compatible with large-scale fabrication and has potential for precise and electrically monitored actuation technology.
We acknowledge financial support from EPSRC grant EP/G060649/1, EP/L027151/1, EP/G037221/1, EP/K01711X/1, EP/K017144/1, EP/N010345/1, EP/M507799/1, EP/L016087/1, EPSRC NanoDTC, and ERC grant LINASS 320503, Hetero2D, MineGrace, EU Graphene Flagship
EPSRC (via University of Manchester) (R119256)
European Research Council (320503)
EC FP7 ERC (319277)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (778616)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201801599
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/282894