Potassium- and Rubidium-Passivated Alloyed Perovskite Films: Optoelectronic Properties and Moisture Stability.
Pearson, Andrew J
ACS energy letters
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Abdi-Jalebi, M., Andaji-Garmaroudi, Z., Pearson, A. J., Divitini, G., Cacovich, S., Philippe, B., Rensmo, H., et al. (2018). Potassium- and Rubidium-Passivated Alloyed Perovskite Films: Optoelectronic Properties and Moisture Stability.. ACS energy letters, 3 (11), 2671-2678. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01504
Halide perovskites passivated with potassium or rubidium show superior photovoltaic device performance compared to unpassivated samples. However, it is unclear which passivation route is more effective for film stability. Here, we directly compare the optoelectronic properties and stability of thin films when passivating triple-cation perovskite films with potassium or rubidium species. The optoelectronic and chemical studies reveal that the alloyed perovskites are tolerant towards higher loadings of potassium than rubidium. Whereas potassium complexes with bromide from the perovskite precursor solution to form thin surface passivation layers, rubidium additives favour the formation of phase-segregated micron-sized rubidium-halide crystals. This tolerance to higher loadings of potassium allows us to achieve superior luminescent properties with potassium passivation. We also find that exposure to humid atmosphere drives phase segregation and grain coalescence for all compositions, with the rubidium-passivated sample showing the highest sensitivity to non-perovskite phase formation. Our work highlights the benefits but also the limitations of these passivation approaches in maximising both optoelectronic properties and stability of perovskite films.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (grant number: EP/M005143/1)
Lloyd's Register Foundation (via University of Southampton) (unknown)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (756962)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01504
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/283234