Ion-Induced Soot Nucleation Using a New Potential for Curved Aromatics
Combustion Science and Technology
Taylor & Francis
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Bowal, K., Martin, J., Misquitta, A., & Kraft, M. (2019). Ion-Induced Soot Nucleation Using a New Potential for Curved Aromatics. Combustion Science and Technology, 191 (5-6), 747-765. https://doi.org/10.1080/00102202.2019.1565496
A potential able to capture the properties and interactions of curved polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (cPAHs) was developed and used to investigate the nucleation behaviour and structure of nascent soot particles. The flexoelectric charge polarisation of cPAHs caused by pentagon integration was included through the introduction of off-site virtual atoms, and enhanced dispersion interaction parameters were fitted. The electric polarisation and intermolecular interactions of cPAHs were accurately reproduced compared to ab initio calculations. This potential was used within molecular dynamics simulations to examine the homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation behaviour of the cPAH corannulene and planar PAH coronene across a range of temperatures relevant to combustion. The enhanced interactions between cPAHs and potassium ions resulted in significant and rapid nucleation of stable clusters compared to all other systems, highlighting their importance in soot nucleation. In addition, the resulting cPAH clusters present morphologies distinct from the stacked planar PAH clusters.
This work used the ARCHER UK National Supercomputing Service (http://www.archer.ac.uk). K.B. is grateful to the Cambridge Trust and the Stanley Studentship at King’s College, Cambridge for their financial support. This project is also supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF), Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore under its Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise (CREATE) programme.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00102202.2019.1565496
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/288474