Revealing signatures of planets migrating in protoplanetary discs with ALMA multiwavelength observations
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Oxford University Press
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Nazari, P., Booth, R., Clarke, C., Rosotti, G., Tazzari, M., Juhasz, A., & Meru, F. (2019). Revealing signatures of planets migrating in protoplanetary discs with ALMA multiwavelength observations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 485 (4), 5914-5923. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz836
Recent observations show that rings and gaps are ubiquitous in protoplanetary discs. These features are often interpreted as being due to the presence of planets; however, the effect of planetary migration on the observed morphology has not been investigated hitherto. In this work we investigate whether multiwavelength mm/submm observations can detect signatures of planet migration, using 2D dusty hydrodynamic simulations to model the structures generated by migrating planets and synthesising ALMA continuum observations at 0.85 and 3 mm. We identify three possible morphologies for a migrating planet: a slowly migrating planet is associated with a single ring outside the planet's orbit, a rapidly migrating planet is associated with a single ring inside the planet's orbit while a planet migrating at intermediate speed generates one ring on each side of the planet's orbit. We argue that multiwavelength data can distinguish multiple rings produced by a migrating planet from other scenarios for creating multiple rings, such as multiple planets or discs with low viscosity. The signature of migration is that the outer ring has a lower spectral index, due to larger dust grains being trapped there. Of the recent ALMA observations revealing protoplanetary discs with multiple rings and gaps, we suggest that Elias 24 is the best candidate for a planet migrating in the intermediate speed regime.
This work has been supported by the DISCSIM project, grant agreement 341137 funded by the European Research Council under ERC-2013-ADG. This work was performed using the DiRAC Data Intensive service at Leicester, operated by the University of Leicester IT Services, which forms part of the STFC DiRAC HPC Facility (www.dirac.ac.uk). The equipment was funded by BEIS capital funding via STFC capital grants ST/K000373/1 and ST/R002363/1 and STFC DiRAC Operations grant ST/R001014/1. DiRAC is part of the National e-Infrastructure. G.R. acknowledges support from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO, program number 016.Veni.192.233). F.M. acknowledges support from the Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship.
European Research Council (341137)
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY FACILITIES COUNCIL (ST/N000927/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz836
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/290937
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