Closed-loop insulin delivery in end-of-life care: a case report.
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Boughton, C., Bally, L., Hartnell, S., Wilinska, M., Coll, A., Evans, M., Stettler, C., & et al. (2019). Closed-loop insulin delivery in end-of-life care: a case report.. Diabet Med, 36 (12), 1711-1714. https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.13974
BACKGROUND: Glucose management for people with diabetes approaching the end of life can be very challenging. The aim is to balance a minimally invasive approach with avoidance of symptomatic hypo- and hyperglycaemia. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a hospitalized individual whose glucose was managed with closed-loop insulin delivery within a randomized controlled trial setting during a period of terminal illness. During the time in which closed-loop insulin delivery was used, glucose control was safe, with no glucose-related harm. The mean ± sd sensor glucose for this individual was 11.3 ± 4.3 mmol/l, percentage of time spent in target glucose range between 6 and 15 mmol/l was 70.5%, time spent in hypoglycaemia was 2.0% and time spent in significant hyperglycaemia >20 mmol/l was 2.6%. CONCLUSION: Closed-loop systems can accommodate personalized glucose targets and highly variable insulin requirements. Factory-calibrated continuous glucose sensors and insulin pump therapy are less intrusive than finger-stick glucose measurements and insulin injections, respectively. Closed-loop systems may provide a safer and less burdensome approach to glucose management towards the end of life.
Humans, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Insulin, Blood Glucose, Insulin Infusion Systems, Terminal Care, Fatal Outcome, Female
Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (CUH) (146281)
Diabetes UK (14/0004878)
Wellcome Trust (100574/Z/12/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.13974
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/291080
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