Objective measurement of physical activity: improving the evidence base to address non-communicable diseases in Africa.
BMJ Global Health
BMJ Publishing Group
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Barr, A., Young, E. H., & Sandhu, M. (2018). Objective measurement of physical activity: improving the evidence base to address non-communicable diseases in Africa.. BMJ Global Health, 3 (5. e001044)https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001044
The benefits of physical activity are wide ranging and associated with reduced disease risk and improved mental health. Strong evidence from high-income countries (HICs) has revealed a clear dose–response relationship between physical activity and improved health status. Regular physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, breast and colon cancer, depression and dementia. Similarly, in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), higher physical activity levels are associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Physical activity has also been associated with improved mental health outcomes and increased self-esteem, self-efficacy and social capital; however, the direction and strength of these relationships needs further investigation to fully understand the impact of physical activity on mental well-being.
Africa, determinants of physical activity, non-communicable diseases, objective physical activity, physical activity, physical activity interventions, physical inactivity
This work was funded by http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100004440 Wellcome Trust (grant number: 206194), National Institute for Health Research Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre (UK) http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000265 and the African Partnership for Chronic Disease Research (Medical Research Council UK partnership grant number MR/K013491/1).
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001044
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/291462
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/