Sensing sociability: Individual differences in young adults' conversation, calling, texting, and app use behaviors in daily life.
Harari, Gabriella M
Campbell, Andrew T
Gosling, Samuel D
Journal of personality and social psychology
American Psychological Association
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Harari, G. M., Müller, S. R., Stachl, C., Wang, R., Wang, W., Bühner, M., Rentfrow, P., et al. (2020). Sensing sociability: Individual differences in young adults' conversation, calling, texting, and app use behaviors in daily life.. Journal of personality and social psychology, 119 (1), 204-228. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000245
Sociability describes a preference for affiliating with others (vs. being alone). Yet, we know relatively little about how sociability manifests behaviorally in the context of people’s daily lives. One challenge to documenting social behaviors is the broad number of channels over which socializing can occur, both in-person and through digital media. Here we used mobile sensing methods (MSMs) to collect objective data about the daily social behaviors of three cohorts of young adults (total N = 941) across three communication channels: conversations, phone calls, and text messages. We provide the first psychometric assessment of MSMs using sociability data collected from three smartphone-sensing applications to establish the reliability, variability, and validity of sensed social behavior at the daily level. In doing so, we also present the first large-scale descriptive portrait of the social behavior patterns that characterize the daily lives of young adults. Our discussion focuses on how the psychometric properties of the smartphone data compare to traditional assessment methods (e.g., surveys), and how the observed daily social behavior patterns compares to previous research on young adults’ social behavior. We conclude by pointing to areas for future research aimed at understanding sociability using smartphone-based measures of social behavior.
Humans, Communication, Social Behavior, Individuality, Telephone, Adult, Female, Male, Young Adult, Text Messaging, Social Media, Mobile Applications
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000245
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/292164