VVV-WIT-04: An extragalactic variable source caught by the VVV Survey
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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Saito, R., Minniti, D., Ivanov, V., Masetti, N., Navarro, M., Fernandes, R., Ruschel-Dutra, D., et al. (2019). VVV-WIT-04: An extragalactic variable source caught by the VVV Survey. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 490 (1), 1171-1178. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2631
We report the discovery of VVV-WIT-04, a near-infrared variable source towards the Galactic disk located ∼0.2 arcsec apart from the position of the radio source PMN J1515-5559. The object was found serendipitously in the near-IR data of the ESO public survey VISTA Variables in the Vía Láctea (VVV). Our analysis is based on variability, multicolor, and proper motion data from VVV and VVV eXtended surveys, complemented with archive data at longer wavelengths. We suggest that VVV-WIT-04 has an extragalactic origin as the near-IR counterpart of PMN J1515-5559. The Ks-band light-curve of VVV-WIT-04 is highly variable and consistent with that of an Optically Violent Variable (OVV) quasar. The variability in the near-IR can be interpreted as the redshifted optical variability. Residuals to the proper motion varies with the magnitude suggesting contamination by a blended source. Alternative scenarios, including a transient event such as a nova or supernova, or even a binary microlensing event are not in agreement with the available data.
R.K.S. acknowledges support from CNPq/Brazil through projects 308968/2016-6 and 421687/2016-9. P.W.L. is supported by STFC Consolidated Grant ST/R000905/1. Support for the authors is provided by the BASAL CONICYT Center for Astrophysics and Associated Technologies (CATA) through grant AFB-170002, and the Ministry for the Economy, Development, and Tourism, Programa Iniciativa Cient´ıfica Milenio through grant IC120009, awarded to the Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS). D.M. acknowledges support from FONDECYT through project Regular #1170121.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2631
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/297026
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