Centrality, Mobility, and Specialization: A Study of Drug Markets in a Non-metropolitan Area in the United Kingdom
Journal of Drug Issues
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Baika, L., & Campana, P. (2020). Centrality, Mobility, and Specialization: A Study of Drug Markets in a Non-metropolitan Area in the United Kingdom. Journal of Drug Issues, 50 (2), 107-126. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022042619891962
This paper empirically explores the structure and mechanisms underpinning the local drug markets in a non-metropolitan area in the United Kingdom. It relies on three years’ worth of police records supplemented with qualitative evidence. It shows that, overall, supplying drugs is a rather fragmented business, yet there are indications of structural differentiation both in terms of positions and roles. Further, substantial differences emerge across drug types – with heroin and cocaine networks showing a higher tendency towards cooperation and group formation (higher average degree and lower fragmentation). This might be due to a higher need for protection and more complex supply chains. Drug suppliers tend to specialise in relation to the Class A drugs, their role in the market and the territory in which they operate. Finally, members of organised crime groups possess significantly higher degree centrality than non-members, suggesting an ability to exert influence on the market.
This work was partially supported by a research grant from the Leverhulme Trust (RPG-2018-119, PI: Paolo Campana).
Leverhulme Trust (RPG-2018-119)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022042619891962
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/299296
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