Cranioplasty Following Decompressive Craniectomy
Kolias, Angelos G.
Adeleye, Amos Olufemi
Frontiers in Neurology
Frontiers Media S.A.
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Iaccarino, C., Kolias, A. G., Roumy, L., Fountas, K., & Adeleye, A. O. (2020). Cranioplasty Following Decompressive Craniectomy. Frontiers in Neurology, 10 https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.01357
Cranioplasty (CP) after decompressive craniectomy (DC) for trauma is a neurosurgical procedure that aims to restore esthesis, improve cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics, and provide cerebral protection. In turn, this can facilitate neurological rehabilitation and potentially enhance neurological recovery. However, CP can be associated with significant morbidity. Multiple aspects of CP must be considered to optimize its outcomes. Those aspects range from the intricacies of the surgical dissection/reconstruction during the procedure of CP, the types of materials used for the reconstruction, as well as the timing of the CP in relation to the DC. This article is a narrative mini-review that discusses the current evidence base and suggests that no consensus has been reached about several issues, such as an agreement on the best material for use in CP, the appropriate timing of CP after DC, and the optimal management of hydrocephalus in patients who need cranial reconstruction. Moreover, the protocol-driven standards of care for traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients in high-resource settings are virtually out of reach for low-income countries, including those pertaining to CP. Thus, there is a need to design appropriate prospective studies to provide context-specific solid recommendations regarding this topic.
Neurology, cranioplasty, decompressive craniectomy, traumatic brain injury, cranial reconstruction, bone flap, posttraumatic hydrocephalus
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.01357
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/302027