A collaboration–resilience framework for disaster management supply networks: a case study of the Philippines
Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management
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Medel, K., Kousar, R., & Masood, T. (2020). A collaboration–resilience framework for disaster management supply networks: a case study of the Philippines. Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, 10 (4), 509-553. https://doi.org/10.1108/jhlscm-09-2019-0066
Purpose: The increasing risk of natural disasters is challenging humanitarian actors to create resilient disaster management systems. However, the role of the private sector in disaster management operations (DMOs) is not as prominent as the role played by (inter)governmental agencies. This article aims to investigate the relationship of collaboration and resilience in disaster management supply networks (DMSNs). Design/methodology/approach: Supply network resilience criteria were defined as robustness, flexibility, velocity and visibility based on the literature review. DMSN capabilities were identified characterising each resilience criterion through the development of the Collaboration-Resilience (COLRES) Analysis Framework for DMSNs. This theoretical model was then applied to an empirical case study in the Philippines using semi-structured interviews for data gathering. Findings: A total of 46 cross-sector collaboration activities were identified across four disaster management phases and linked to the resilience criteria. A causal analysis of each collaboration activity and its outcome was conducted to identify relationships between collaboration types and resilience constructs. Based on these results, patterns were identified, and dependencies between collaboration and resilience were defined. Collective DMSN resilience (DMSNRES) enabled by existing cross-sector collaboration activities was evaluated against a future disaster scenario to identify resilience gaps. These gaps were used to recognise new cross-sector collaboration opportunities, thereby illustrating the continuous process of resilience building. Originality/value: This research ultimately finds that cross-sector collaboration builds resilience in DMSNs through capacity building, redundancy sourcing, information reliability, and logistics responsiveness. This study shows that the private sector is able to go beyond existing short-term partnerships by participating in the 46 collaboration activities identified across four disaster management phases in order to build resilience in DMSNs. Plain Language Summary: The risk of disasters related to floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, and pandemics has increased over recent decades. This has inevitably demanded resilience strategies for effectively managing the disasters. By identifying 46 collaboration activities in Philippines, we show that planned collaboration, particularly with the private sector, can help to achieve resilience in the face of disasters.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/jhlscm-09-2019-0066
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/305834
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