Research data supporting 'Complexities of a protonatable substrate in measurements of Hoechst 33342 transport by multidrug transporter LmrP'
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Swain, Brendan M
Rawlins, Philip B
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Swain, B. M., Guo, D., Singh, H., Rawlins, P. B., McAlister, M., & Van Veen, H. W. (2020). Research data supporting 'Complexities of a protonatable substrate in measurements of Hoechst 33342 transport by multidrug transporter LmrP' [Dataset]. https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.58079
Multidrug transporters can confer drug resistance on cells by extruding structurally unrelated compounds from the cellular interior. In transport assays, Hoechst 33342 (referred to as Hoechst) is a commonly used substrate, the fluorescence of which changes in the transport process. With three basic nitrogen atoms that can be protonated, Hoechst can exist as cationic and neutral species that have different fluorescence emissions and abilities to diffuse across cell envelopes and bind to lipids and intracellular nucleic acids. Due to this complexity, the mechanism of Hoechst transport by multidrug transporters is poorly characterised. We investigated Hoechst transport by the bacterial major facilitator superfamily multidrug-proton antiporter LmrP in Lactococcus lactis, and developed a novel assay for the direct quantitation of cell-associated Hoechst. We observe that changes in Hoechst fluorescence in cells do not always correlate with changes in the amount of Hoechst. Our data indicate that chemical proton gradient-dependent efflux by LmrP in cells converts populations of highly fluorescent, membrane-intercalated Hoechst in the alkaline interior into populations of less fluorescent, cell surface-bound Hoechst in the acidic exterior. Our methods and findings are directly relevant for the transport of many amphiphilic antibiotics, antineoplastic agents and cytotoxic compounds that are differentially protonated within the physiological pH range. The research data in this dataset record support the publication by Swain et al. in Scientific Reports and refer to the figures that are incorporated in the paper. Descriptions of the experimental details and statistical analyses are included in the Materials and Methods and figure legends of the paper.
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Hoechst 33342, drug speciation, multidrug efflux pump, drug selection, transport mechanism
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.58079
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/