Complexities of a protonatable substrate in measurements of Hoechst 33342 transport by multidrug transporter LmrP
Swain, Brendan M.
Rawlins, Philip B.
van Veen, Hendrik W.
Nature Publishing Group UK
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Swain, B. M., Guo, D., Singh, H., Rawlins, P. B., McAlister, M., & van Veen, H. W. (2020). Complexities of a protonatable substrate in measurements of Hoechst 33342 transport by multidrug transporter LmrP. Scientific Reports, 10 (1)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76943-0
Funder: AstraZeneca PhD studentship
Funder: China Scholarship Council; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004543
Funder: Cambridge Trust; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100003343
Abstract: Multidrug transporters can confer drug resistance on cells by extruding structurally unrelated compounds from the cellular interior. In transport assays, Hoechst 33342 (referred to as Hoechst) is a commonly used substrate, the fluorescence of which changes in the transport process. With three basic nitrogen atoms that can be protonated, Hoechst can exist as cationic and neutral species that have different fluorescence emissions and different abilities to diffuse across cell envelopes and interact with lipids and intracellular nucleic acids. Due to this complexity, the mechanism of Hoechst transport by multidrug transporters is poorly characterised. We investigated Hoechst transport by the bacterial major facilitator superfamily multidrug-proton antiporter LmrP in Lactococcus lactis and developed a novel assay for the direct quantitation of cell-associated Hoechst. We observe that changes in Hoechst fluorescence in cells do not always correlate with changes in the amount of Hoechst. Our data indicate that chemical proton gradient-dependent efflux by LmrP in cells converts populations of highly fluorescent, membrane-intercalated Hoechst in the alkaline interior into populations of less fluorescent, cell surface-bound Hoechst in the acidic exterior. Our methods and findings are directly relevant for the transport of many amphiphilic antibiotics, antineoplastic agents and cytotoxic compounds that are differentially protonated within the physiological pH range.
Article, /631/326/22/1434, /631/326/88, article
Publication Reference: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.58079
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/R00224X/1, BB/R00224X/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76943-0
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/313057